The coal industry has a significantly negative environmental impact on the land, water, and air. It is responsible for producing pollution such as ash, sludge, slurry, arsenic, mercury, uranium, and other heavy metals that pollute the air and waterways. Europe's 1950s transition mechanism for coal-mining regions was the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) Fund for the Retraining and Resettlement of Workers. It was created on the basis of Article 56 of the ECSC Treaty, to facilitate re-employment opportunities for those coal and steel workers who lost their jobs as a result of the introduction of new technical processes or new equipment 8 .

These countries are driving global demand for coal

2020/9/11A recent analysis of the global coal industry by the International Energy Agency highlights the growing number of countries adopting climate policy goals that facilitate the move away from coal. But despite growing awareness of the impact of climate change and a number of high-profile divestments away from fossil fuels, global demand for coal remains strong.

Current biomass power plans across Europe dominated by 10 'megaprojects' The research suggests that across the coal-to-biomass projects currently underway in Europe, around 67 million tonnes of CO2 would be generated annually from burning the wood fuel – equivalent to half the emissions from Poland's coal power stations .

"Policy makers in Europe are now happy with such low natural gas prices," said Ewout Eijkelenboom, senior consultant at the Netherlands-based industry adviser Kyos Energy Consulting. "It makes the coal phase-out easier than expected — it is almost a natural

Coal liquids can be used for transport, cooking, stationary power generation, and in the chemicals industry. Coal-derived fuels are sulphur-free, low in particulates, and low in nitrogen oxides. PHILIPPINES-, HWB Corp. has announced a project for a hybrid production unit (60,000 bbld) combining direct and indirect coal liquefaction technologies.

185 000 people were still employed in coal mines across Europe at the end of 2018, and a further 52 000 worked in coal-fired power plants. The coal industry is also indirectly linked to various economic sectors, such as production of inputs, equipment, services

EU coal regions: opportunities and challenges ahead

Coal still provides 15% of EU power generation. Two thirds of the coal power plants currently operating in Europe are expected to close between 2020 and 2030. Coal power plants in the EU employ around 53,000 people and coal mines 185,000 workers, totalling

The industrial revolution in Europe had very different features. Belgium, one of the first industrialised countries, was able to draw on rich resources of iron ore and coal and a strong tradition of textile manufacturing. For this reason industrial development ran along

Zollverein was the world's largest and most modern coal-mining facility and a leading example of the development of heavy industry in Europe. At its peak, 8,000 miners worked day and night in the mines and the buildings above ground. Coal was mined and processed here for 135 years, before the mine was decommissioned in 1986. Today, with its Bauhaus-influenced design, the mine is a triumph of

2020/9/9Coal generation in Europe fell by a fifth in the first half of this year, with almost every coal-burning country cutting back. Western Europe saw particularly dramatic drops in production – up to 79% in Ireland, according to climate think-tank Sandbag.

"Emerging markets are absolutely vital to the coal industry," Alvarez explained. "To give you a simple figure that illustrates this: in 2000, one quarter of the coal in the world was used in Europe, another quarter in North America and half was used in Asia.

Current biomass power plans across Europe dominated by 10 'megaprojects' The research suggests that across the coal-to-biomass projects currently underway in Europe, around 67 million tonnes of CO2 would be generated annually from burning the wood fuel – equivalent to half the emissions from Poland's coal power stations .

We are facing a climate crisis. Transforming Europe's energy system has never been more urgent, and citizens across the EU are already taking action to end the era of coal to build a cleaner, fairer, more sustainable future. Governments and decision-makers need

Coal industry lobbyists, and the owners of the some of Europe's dirtiest coal plants and mines, are suing the European Commission over a decision to update limits on harmful air pollutants. Environmental groups including the European Environmental Bureau (EEB) today applied to intervene in the case to defend the rules.

Cheap Natural Gas Is About to Kick More Coal Out of

"Policy makers in Europe are now happy with such low natural gas prices," said Ewout Eijkelenboom, senior consultant at the Netherlands-based industry adviser Kyos Energy Consulting. "It makes the coal phase-out easier than expected — it is almost a natural

March 30, 2020 (IEEFA U.S.) — A report published today by the Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis (IEEFA) sees the U.S. coal industry continuing to decline through 2020 and beyond. The report, U.S. Coal Outlook 2020: Market Trends Are Pushing Industry Ever Closer to a Reckoning, details issues that will likely persist in driving []

"Emerging markets are absolutely vital to the coal industry," Alvarez explained. "To give you a simple figure that illustrates this: in 2000, one quarter of the coal in the world was used in Europe, another quarter in North America and half was used in Asia.

2020/9/9Coal generation in Europe fell by a fifth in the first half of this year, with almost every coal-burning country cutting back. Western Europe saw particularly dramatic drops in production – up to 79% in Ireland, according to climate think-tank Sandbag.

The Challenges of the U.S. Coal Industry and Lessons for Europe 4 The research conducted for this report revealed several important trends. U.S. coal production peaked in 2008 and has been declining since, while electricity demand has flattened since 2010.

Coal pollution and its health impacts travel far beyond borders, and a full coal phase-out in the EU would bring enormous benefits for all citizens across the continent. The report, 'Europe's dark cloud: How coal-burning countries make their neighbours sick', analyses the health impacts from air pollution of all EU coal-fired power stations for which data is available.

Coal has many important uses worldwide. The most significant uses of coal are in electricity generation, steel production, cement manufacturing and as a liquid fuel. Different types of coal have different uses. Steam coal - also known as thermal coal - is mainly used in power generation.